dogfight Bedeutung, Definition dogfight: 1. a fight between two military aircraft in which they fly very fast and very close to each other. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für dogfight im Online-Wörterbuch rickhuijbregts.com (Deutschwörterbuch). Dogfight Definition: A dogfight is a fight between fighter planes, in which they fly close to one another and | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und.
Dogfight – Ein hässliches Spieldog·fight, Plural: dog·fights. Aussprache: IPA: [ ] Hörbeispiele: —. Bedeutungen:  Nahkampf, Luftkampf. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für dogfight im Online-Wörterbuch rickhuijbregts.com (Deutschwörterbuch). You can engage in dogfights, explore the beautiful environment and collect scrap metal to use later when upgrading your craft.
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Most fights are over in minutes when it is clear which dog is superior. At the end of three rounds, the contest is declared a draw.
Dog fighting has been declared illegal in the Republic of South Africa. However, it is still very popular in the underground world, with dog fighting being a highly syndicated and organized crime.
The NSPCA National Council of SPCAs is the largest animal welfare organization in Africa, and has been the organization that has conducted the most raids and busts, of which the most recent was in , where 18 people were arrested, and 14 dogs were involved.
Dog fighting is practiced throughout the country, in the townships area where gangs and drugs are mostly associated with dog fighting.
Dog fighting has been well documented in South Africa, particularly in the Western Cape region of Stellenbosch. The Stellenbosch Animal Welfare Society AWS frequently responds to complaints of nighttime dog fighting in the town of Cloetesville in which hundreds of dogs fight.
Young children may be used to transport fighting dogs to avoid arrest of the owners. In November , the NSPCA arrested 18 suspects who were caught in the act of illegal dog fighting in Tsakane in the East Rand.
The suspects were arrested and charged for illegal dog fighting. Dog fighting is a criminal and prosecutable offence in South Africa. Some of the dogs were badly injured as a result of the fighting and had to be humanely euthanised.
All the convicted men were found unfit to possess firearms and found unfit to own dogs, and, if found in possession of a dog, would be liable to 12 months direct imprisonment.
Further to the life-changing conditions of house arrest, the 10 spectators were also sentenced to hours of community service and a total of R50 to be paid to the NSPCA.
During the course of this trial, one of the accused chose to plead guilty and was sentenced to R20 or 20 months imprisonment which was suspended for five years on the condition that he did not re-offend.
A sixth person was sentenced to one year in jail for watching a dog fight. The six individuals who appeared in the Atteridgeville Court were found guilty for their part in dog fighting and cruelty to animals offenses and were all sentenced to years of direct imprisonment by Magistrate JC Kruger for the possession of dogs for the purpose of dog fighting and for the dreadful living conditions they were subjected to.
Dog fighting is illegal in South Korea. Dog fighting is illegal in the United Arab Emirates according to Federal Law No. It is considered an 'act of animal cruelty' that is punishable by either imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or a fine of , United Arab Emirates dirham , or both.
Dog fighting remains illegal under U. Sporting journals of the 18th and 19th centuries depict the Black Country and London as the primary English dog fight centers of the period.
Dog fighting is a felony in all 50 U. In addition, the federal U. Animal Welfare Act makes it unlawful for any person to knowingly sell, buy, possess, train, transport, deliver, or receive any dog for purposes of having the dog participate in an animal fighting venture.
The act also makes it unlawful for any person to knowingly use the mail service of the United States Postal Service or any instrumentality of interstate commerce for commercial speech for purposes of advertising a dog for use in an animal fighting venture, promoting or in any other manner furthering an animal fighting venture, except as performed outside the limits of the States of the United States.
In the second largest dog fighting raid in U. According to a Michigan State University College of Law study published in , in the United States, dog fighting was once completely legal and was sanctioned and promoted during the Colonial period through the Victorian and well into the 20th century.
In the second half of the 19th century, dog fighting started to be criminalized in the United States. CNN in estimated that in the United States more than , people are engaged in dog fighting on a non-professional basis and roughly 40, individuals are involved as professionals in the sport of dog fighting as a commercial activity.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the blood sport. For other uses, see Dogfight disambiguation.
Main article: Baiting blood sport. Nationwide ban on dog fighting. Some subnational bans on dog fighting. Dog fighting legal.
No data. Main article: Dog fighting in the United States. Animal Legal and Historical Center at Michigan State University College of Law.
Retrieved Pitt Bulls: Villains or Victims? Underscoring Actual Causes of Societal Violence. Society and Animals.
Retrieved 22 October Obama ". Animal Law: Welfare, Interests, and Rights. Frederick, MD: Wolter Kluwer Law and Business. Bloodsport and the Michael Vick Dogfighting Case: A Critical Cultural Analysis M.
East Tennessee University. The History of Fighting Dogs. Neptune, NJ: TFH Publications. Michigan BSL". Animal Legal and Historical Center.
Michigan State University College of Law. Retrieved 19 November Archived from the original on Dog-Fighting Rings Stealing Pets for "Bait " ".
Retrieved 13 September The Palgrave Handbook of Practical Animal Ethics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved 17 May Retrieved February 19, National University of the Littoral.
Retrieved 4 June RSPCA Australia Knowledgebase. Archived from the original on March 6, Retrieved January 26, November 4, Archived from the original PDF on September 30, The Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy.
South China Morning Post. Retrieved 30 August Bulldog Information. Vice News in Greek. Government of Guatemala.
Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved 9 June Mexico News Daily. The blood sport of dog fighting became illegal today in Mexico. Humane Society of the United States.
Morocco World News. January 23, Retrieved August 27, Anima Naturalis. Retrieved 6 June Leyes Paraguayas in Spanish. Retrieved 5 June Wall Street Journal.
Questia Online Library. NSPCA Cares about all Animals. Incident of abused Rottweiler pup prompts ministry to issue warning".
Gulf News. Al Nisr Publishing. Retrieved 31 August Daily Mirror. Retrieved 8 September Sport and the British: A Modern History. Clarendon Press.
United States Code. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. November 12, Retrieved 4 April Veterinary Forensics: Animal Cruelty Investigations.
NZ Herald. Retrieved 13 September — via www. Badger-baiting Bear-baiting Boar-baiting Bull-baiting Donkey-baiting Duck-baiting Hog-baiting Human-baiting Hyena-baiting Lion-baiting Monkey-baiting Rat-baiting Wolf-baiting.
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Adolph Malan compiled a list of aerial combat rules that were widely taught to RAF pilots. The German Bf and the British Spitfire were some of the most common fighters used in the European theater.
Pulling up into his blind spot I watched his plane grow larger and larger in my sight. But this German pilot was not content to fly straight and level.
Before I could open fire his plane slewed to the right, and seeing me on his tail, he jerked back on the stick into the only defensive maneuver his plane could make.
I banked my 47 over to the right and pulled back on the stick, striving to get him once more into my ring sight. Fighting every second to overcome this blackness about me, I pulled back on the stick, further and further, so that the enemy would just show at the bottom of my ring sight to allow for the correct deflection.
We were both flying in a tight circle. Pressing the [trigger] I waited expectantly for the to explode. A section two-feet long broke loose from the right wing as the machine gun cut like a machete through it.
Too low, a little more rudder and the bullets will find his cockpit. I could see occasional strikes further up the wing, but it was too late.
The , sensing that I was inside him on the turn, slunk into a nearby cloud. Straightening my plane, I climbed over the top of the bank, and poised on the other side, waiting for him to appear.
But the did not appear, and not wishing to tempt the gods of fate further, I pushed my stick forward, entered the protective cover of the clouds, and headed home.
During this time, three new Russian fighters, the LaGG-1 , the Yak-1 , and the MiG-3 were just coming off of the production line. The Soviet Air Defense Force had been fraught with problems since World War I.
With great desperation, the Soviets fought in dogfights over Leningrad , Moscow , and the Ukraine for more than a year.
Fireteam , a triple of aircraft "troika" , has been the main tactical unit used in battles since the beginning of World War II.
The analysis and synthesis of fighting experience resulted in a conclusion that group tactics should have been rejected and replaced by action pairs.
His famous motto sounded as "Height, speed, maneuver, fire! It became popular in the air armies and was adopted by pilots. Struggling with morale problems, the Soviets slowly and methodically began to regain air supremacy after the Battle of Stalingrad in After the bombing of Pearl Harbor , in the Hawaiian Islands, the United States entered the war.
The Japanese used the Mitsubishi A6M Zero , an extremely lightweight fighter known for its exceptional range and maneuverability.
A pilot who realized that new tactics had to be devised was Lieutenant Commander John S. He read the early reports coming out of China and wrestled with the problem of his Grumman F4F Wildcats being relatively slower and much less maneuverable than the Japanese planes.
Using matchsticks on his kitchen table, he devised a defensive maneuver he called "beam defense position", but commonly called the " Thach Weave ".
Thach made a diagram of the idea and showed it to other pilots, but in trial-runs people like Butch O'Hare found it difficult to make the shot while, at the same time, evading the two friendly planes coming at him head on.
Thach later faced the A6M Zero during the Battle of Midway , in June , for the test of his theory. Although outnumbered, he found that a Zero would lock onto the tail of one of the fighters.
In response, the two planes would turn toward each other, with one plane's path crossing in front of the other. More importantly, the pursuer would have to follow that path to maintain pursuit, also crossing in front of the American plane's sights.
Thus, when the Zero followed its original target through the turn it would come into a position to be fired on by the target's wingman, and the predator would become the prey.
His tactic proved to be effective and was soon adopted by other squadrons. The Thach Weave helped make up for the inferiority of the US planes in maneuverability and numbers, until new aircraft could be brought into service.
This tactic later morphed into the more fluid and versatile "loose-deuce maneuvering" that was to prove useful in the Vietnam war.
Another effective maneuver used by the U. Technology advanced extremely fast during World War II in ways that would change dogfighting forever.
Jet propulsion had been demonstrated long before the war, by German engineer Hans von Ohain in , and by British engineer Frank Whittle in The British were testing a jet that same year, the Gloster Meteor , which would later see action in the Korean War.
Although U. General Hap Arnold test flew the XP A in , the plane was never used in combat. Other prime inventions of the era include radar and air-to-air missiles.
Enemy pilots were construed as weak and evil. This was especially true for the U. Air Force. The Chinese began supplying North Korea with troops and provisions, and the war quickly resumed.
The U. Chinese fighters were often seen spinning off out of control during a hard turn because the pilot had lost consciousness.
Other technological advantages included the radar-ranging gunsight and hydraulic controls. Colonel Harrison R.
Thyng remarked:. Suddenly you go into a steep turn. Your mach drops off. The MiG turns with you, and you let him gradually creep up and outturn you.
At the critical moment you reverse your turn. The hydraulic controls [of the F] work beautifully. The MiG cannot turn as readily as you and is slung out to the side.
When you pop your speedbrakes, the MiG flashes by you. Quickly closing the brakes, you slide onto his tail and hammer him with your "50s".
The Chinese were very competent in a dogfight, and large swirling battles were fought in the skies over Korea.
Seeing one another about the same time, the MiG flight and my flight dropped [our extra fuel] tanks..
He was so low he was throwing up small rocks. I dropped down to get him, but to hit him I had to get down in his jet wash. He'd chop the throttle and throw out his speed brakes.
I would coast up beside him, wingtip to wingtip. When it looked like I was going to overshoot him, I would roll over the top and come down on the other side of him.
When I did, he'd go into a hard turn, pulling all the Gs he could. This guy was one fantastic pilot. The war in the air, however, eventually came to a stalemate as fighting ceased between the two factions.
Later after the fall of the Soviet Union, Soviet records showed that Russian pilots were indeed in the air. Some at times in the fury of combat reverted to the Russian language over the radio.
The Vietnam War "was the first 'modern' air war"  in which air-to-air missiles were the primary weapons during aerial combat, and was the only confrontation between the latest aerial and ground defense technologies between the Soviet Union and the United States.
By this time, dogfighting techniques had fallen out of favor in U. As a result, air combat methods known by fighter pilots since World War I became all but lost as veterans from WWII and Korea retired and didn't pass them on to succeeding generations.
American fighter pilots would meet in the skies in secret to engage in mock combat [ citation needed ] to try to maintain some level of proficiency.
It wasn't until TOPGUN was established for the Navy in and Red Flag was started for the Air Force in that pilots were formally trained in dogfighting again.
Both U. Neither party had a separate designation for interceptor, though: just F- for fighter, A- for attack, and B- for bomber. For the NATO aircraft With possibly a few exceptions, such as the F-8 Crusader and the F Super Sabre , which each mounted four 20 mm cannons, jets were not designed for dog fighting other jet aircraft.
As a consequence, U. RF Voodoo aircraft conducting reconnaissance missions, or F Delta Daggers , F Starfighters performing MiGCAP duties, and the strike aircraft themselves, such as F Thunderchiefs , A-4 Skyhawks , A-6 Intruders , F-4 Phantoms , and B 's flying over North Vietnam were met by MiGs or Chicom J-5s , MiGs Chicom J-6s , and MiGs being vectored directly to them by GCI operators who worked in conjunction with surface-to-air missile SAM crews.
This triad defense system of GCI-controlled MiGs, Missiles SAMs , and AAA enabled the North Vietnamese MiGs to utilize their aircraft's design capabilities as their designers had intended,  that of, in the vernacular of the time, making "one pass, and then hauling ass",  which was, in practice, quickly firing at their targets and then speeding away.
By the Soviets had supplied the NVAF with enough missile-firing MiGs to allow the North Vietnamese to routinely engage U. With the arrival of the additional MiGs, and by MiGs J-6s imported from China , engagements between U.
At the conclusion of the air war in , U. From these figures, the USAF had 40 gun kills, and the USN claimed eight cannon victories. This number approached parity with the NVAF MiG's 37 gun kill figures.
Approximately radar-guided AIM-7 Sparrow missiles were fired during the war, scoring 56 MiG kills, while heat-seeking AIM-9 Sidewinders were launched achieving 81 aerial victories.
During Operation Rolling Thunder 54 AIM-4 Falcon missiles were fired, obtaining five kills. As part of the North Vietnamese triad system of defense, surface-to-air missiles SAMs had become an ever-increasing threat.
Here come the SAMs. The trick is seeing the launch. You can see the steam. It goes straight up, turns more level, then the booster drops off.
If it maintains a relatively stable position, it's coming right for you and you're in trouble. You're eager to make a move but can't.
If you dodge too fast it will turn and catch you; if you wait too late it will explode near enough to get you.
It can't follow that and goes under. It will be there. Probably you'll see mach 2 Atoll air-to-air missile smoke trail first before you see the MiG.
But remember that's where the MiG is! Just ask one of the 20 aircrews shot down during Linebacker that never knew they were under attack.
The Arab—Israeli conflicts were a series of wars between the country of Israel and its surrounding Arab neighbors. Those that involved dogfighting occurred between and The wars escalated on May 14, , the day Israel declared its sovereignty from Britain.
The War of Independence was followed by the Suez-Sinai War in , the Six-Day War in , the War of Attrition , the Yom Kippur War in , and the First Lebanon War in The wars began with both sides using propeller planes, such as Spitfires, Avia Ss , and Ps, then progressed to older jets like MiGs , Dassault Mysteres and Dassault Mirages.
In the latter wars dogfighting ensued between modern aircraft, like Fs and Fs against MiGs and MiGs. Although usually outnumbered, the Israelis managed to defeat the air forces of Egypt, Jordan and Syria in dogfights, often achieving kill ratios ranging from to over , which is usually attributed to better training of the Israeli pilots and a technological advantage.
The Indo-Pakistani War of saw the Indian and Pakistani Air Forces engaged in large-scale aerial combat against each other for the first time since the independence of Pakistan in The war took place during the course of September and saw both air forces conduct defensive and offensive operations over Indian and Pakistani airspace.
The aerial war saw both sides conducting thousands of sorties in a single month. By late , the intensification of the independence movement in erstwhile East Pakistan led to the Bangladesh Liberation War between India and Pakistan.
Two of the four PAF Sabres were shot down and one damaged by the IAF's Folland Gnats. However, the IAF did not suffer significantly because the leadership had anticipated such a move and precautions were taken.
Within the first two weeks, the IAF had carried out almost 12, sorties over East Pakistan and also provided close air support to the advancing Indian Army.
On the western front, the IAF destroyed more than 20 Pakistani tanks,  four APCs and a supply train during the Battle of Longewala.
In contrast, the Pakistan Air Force, which was solely focused on air combat, was blown out of the subcontinent's skies within the first week of the war.
Those PAF aircraft that survived took refuge at Iranian air bases or in concrete bunkers, refusing to offer a fight.
India claimed large gains of territory in West Pakistan although pre-war boundaries were recognised after the war , and the independence of Pakistan's East wing as Bangladesh was confirmed.
The IAF had flown over 16, sorties  on both East and West fronts; including sorties by transport aircraft and helicopters.
More than 80 percent of the IAF's sorties were close-support and interdiction, and according to neutral assessments about 45 IAF aircraft were lost while, Pakistan lost 75 aircraft.
But the imbalance in air losses was explained by the IAF's considerably higher sortie rate, and its emphasis on ground-attack missions.
On the ground Pakistan suffered most, with 9, killed and 25, wounded while India lost 3, dead and 12, wounded.
The loss of armoured vehicles was similarly imbalanced. This represented a major defeat for Pakistan. The Falklands War began on April 2, , when Argentina invaded the Falkland islands , and then the island of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands , which were small disputed dependencies.
Because Britain had no military bases nearby and few aircraft carriers, the Argentinians did not expect a response from Britain.
On April 5, the British sent carriers to the Falklands with Sea Harrier 'Jump-jets' on board. The Harrier was originally designed as a ground-attack plane, and was not equipped for dogfighting, so the aircraft had to undergo many modifications and the pilots given extra training.
The Argentinians had superior numbers, but their forces mainly consisted of older jets from the s, such as Dassault Mirage IIIs and Israeli Daggers.
The Argentinians were also handicapped by the long distance from mainland airfields and a lack of refuelling tankers.
Neither side was ready for war, but both prepared all through April as diplomacy failed. The fighting started on May 1, and was to become the largest naval and air conflict since World War II.
By the end of the war, Argentina lost 20 fighters in dogfights, while Britain lost two Sea Harrier to ground fire. The Americans supplied late model Sidewinder missiles to the British; this and the analysis of French Mirage combat tactics made the difference.
In the Iran—Iraq War of —, many dogfights occurred between the Iranian Air Force and Saddam Hussein 's Iraqi Air Force.
During the early years of the war, the IRIAF enjoyed air superiority see for example Operation Sultan 10 and Operation Morvarid ; however, by the end of the war, the Iranian Air Force had lost its superiority due to their increasingly outdated equipment and the lack of spare parts for their US-made aircraft.
Iraq, meanwhile, continued to introduce new French and Soviet weapons into its air force. The Hinds proved faster and more robust, while the AH-1Js were more agile.
The results of the skirmishes are disputed. In the Gulf War of —91, dogfighting once again proved its usefulness when the Coalition Air Force had to face off against the Iraqi Air Force, which at the time was the fifth largest in the world.
By the second day of the war, the Coalition achieved air superiority. Many dogfights occurred during the short conflict, often involving many planes.
By the end of January, , the term "furball" became a popular word to describe the hectic situation of many dogfights, occurring at the same time within the same relatively small airspace.